The antibiotic resistance worldwide after the world health organization (WHO) alarming proportions. “Antibiotic resistance threatens to make 100 years of medical progress,” warned WHO Director-General Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus on Tuesday in Geneva. To find a solution to this is one of the most urgent challenges in the health sector.
The WHO has therefore divided the existing antibiotics, now in three new categories. In the first category, you designate funds to be used for serious infections are, in the second such, the hold of every health system, but not always at the most common infections, administer should. In the third category, the resources intended to be used only as a last resort.
Anyone who uses antibiotics incorrectly, you risk resistance
In the first category, especially broad-spectrum antibiotics were listed, but drugs that are effective against specific microorganisms, the WHO. The average of the second and the third category would be more economical to be used. The risk of development of resistance could be reduced.
Of antibiotic resistance, Doctors are not talking, if patients respond to an antibiotic, that is, if not ill be destroyed-causing bacteria by the antibiotic. Resistance can develop when a use of Antibiotics, some bacteria survive. These resistant bacteria can multiply.
Sick bacteria make can also build against a plurality of means for resistance. Some of these bacteria resist all of the antibiotics that were once against you. For patients infected with such bacteria, there is often hardly any chances of recovery.
Pneumonia, blood poisoning, and wound infections possible
In many countries, to be used according to WHO data, more than half of the antibiotics in the wrong. So patients antibiotics would in the case of virus infections, even though they will only fight bacterial infections or you would get a broad-spectrum antibiotic when a more targeted drug would be better.
Of particular concern is the spread of bacteria such as Acinetobacter, Escherichia coli and Klebsiella pneumoniae, which were repeated often in hospitals was. They may cause pneumonia, blood poisoning, and wound infections.
The WHO refers to the new classification system, AWaRe, which can be translated from English, for example, with “See”. The A stands for Access or access and is the first category. Wa stands for Watch, or “watch” and describes the second category. Re stands for Reserve, means “to hold back”, the third category.